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关于膜结构景观高点构造与造型的设计。
来源:http://www.sdcscp.com/ 发布时间:2022-06-27
高点的结构要求:
Structural requirements for high points:
高点是膜结构景观中的一个重要节点,是力的汇合点。在高点,需要承受较大张力的膜表面材料较少。如果高点结构较小,膜可能会损坏。因此,有两种常见的方法来扩展支撑结构和膜表面之间的接触面。
The high point is an important node in the membrane structure landscape, and it is the confluence of forces. At the high point, the membrane surface material that needs to bear large tension is less. If the high point structure is small, the membrane may be damaged. Therefore, there are two common ways to extend the contact surface between the support structure and the membrane surface.
1、采用伞形骨架结构支撑高点。在这种高点形式中,膜表面是连续的,高点只会使膜表面略有波动。
1. The umbrella skeleton structure is used to support the high points. In this high point form, the film surface is continuous, and the high point will only make the film surface fluctuate slightly.
2、高点为刚性环形构件。环形构件的外围与膜连接,支撑结构与环形构件直接连接或通过电缆悬挂。
2. The high points are rigid annular members. The periphery of the annular member is connected with the membrane, and the supporting structure is directly connected with the annular member or suspended by cables.
结合采光通风:
Combined with daylighting and ventilation:
膜结构的高点也可结合采光和通风功能进行设计。在高点安装透明材料,以引入直射光。灯光从顶部倾泻而下,让人感觉到高格特教堂向上的奔腾之感。高点还是膜结构景观建筑进行热压通风的较好部位。热空气上升从高点位置排出,新鲜的空气从建筑低处被吸进建筑内部,如此形成空气循环。
The high point of membrane structure can also be designed in combination with lighting and ventilation functions. Install transparent material at high points to introduce direct light. The light pours down from the top, making people feel the galloping upward of gogt church. The high point is also a good place for hot pressure ventilation of membrane structure landscape buildings. The hot air rises and is discharged from the high point, and the fresh air is sucked into the building from the low part of the building, thus forming an air circulation.
膜结构景观
造型设计:
Styling:
膜结构景观的高点是视觉焦点,结构中的关键点一直是建筑性能的焦点。与古典建筑一样,圆拱结构的顶部石头总是经过仔细处理。它的大小不同于拱门上的其他石头。它通常被雕刻成特定的形状或图案,它的形象影响着人们对整个拱门的印象。
The high point of membrane structure landscape is the visual focus, and the key point in the structure has always been the focus of architectural performance. As in classical architecture, the top stone of a circular arch structure is always carefully treated. It is different in size from the other stones on the arch. It is usually carved into a specific shape or pattern, and its image affects people's impression of the whole arch.
同样,在膜结构中,高点也具有同样的重要性。它是外部造型和内部空间的较高点,是建筑天际线的转折点,也是膜结构景观较有趣的部分之一,因此高点除了它在结构上的意义以外,还要担负起重要的视觉功能。一个设计精巧的高点造型能为建筑增添许多视觉信息,为参观者提供兴趣点;而粗糙的高点设计将使整个结构的魅力大受折损。
Similarly, in membrane structures, high points are of equal importance. It is the higher point of the external shape and internal space, the turning point of the building skyline, and one of the more interesting parts of the cable membrane structure landscape. Therefore, in addition to its structural significance, the high point also plays an important visual function. A well-designed high point shape can add a lot of visual information to the building and provide visitors with points of interest; The rough high point design will greatly damage the charm of the whole structure.
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