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膜结构车棚搭建时要注意什么?
来源:http://www.sdcscp.com/ 发布时间:2022-03-18
膜结构车棚的修建以及应用,无论是针对于个人还是城市建设规划都提供了极大的便利,在搭建膜结构自行车棚之时,我们需要注意一些事项。
The construction and application of membrane structure sheds provide great convenience for individuals and urban construction planning. When building membrane structure bicycle sheds, we need to pay attention to some matters.
一是要为膜结构找好形。即使是同一类型的建筑,具体形态也会存在较大的不同,因此在施工之前,要根据使用的环境、膜材和连接件的特点选择合适的形状,这样才能确定整个建筑的大体形态。
One is to find a good shape for the membrane structure. Even for the same type of building, the specific shape will be quite different. Therefore, before construction, the appropriate shape should be selected according to the environment, membrane materials and characteristics of connectors, so as to determine the general shape of the whole building.
二是要注意好节点的设计。膜结构建筑主要就是由膜材以及钢索组成的,而要保证其协调性,就需要各种连接件,因此节点安排的重要性就可想而知了。
Second, pay attention to the design of nodes. Membrane structure building is mainly composed of membrane materials and steel cables. To ensure its coordination, various connectors are needed. Therefore, the importance of node arrangement can be imagined.
尤其是一些关键性的节点,一定要为其找好位置,保证其科学合理性。
Especially for some key nodes, we must find a good position for them to ensure their scientific rationality.
三是要注意做好排水措施。大家知道膜材的张拉性较强,而且在遇到重力挤压的时候容易变形,因此在建造的时候要特别留出一些排水沟,方便雨水和积雪的排出。
膜结构停车棚
Third, pay attention to drainage measures. As we all know, the membrane material has strong tension and is easy to deform in case of gravity extrusion. Therefore, some drainage ditches should be reserved during construction to facilitate the drainage of rainwater and snow.
四是要从美学方面角度考虑,在设计膜面的时候保证它的曲率,虽然曲率不宜过大,但是太过平整会影响它的美观度,而且也会影响建筑的刚度。
Fourth, from the perspective of aesthetics, ensure its curvature when designing the membrane surface. Although the curvature should not be too large, too flat will not only affect its beauty, but also affect the stiffness of the building.
五是要尽量降低施工量,虽然膜材和承接件的节点设计是必不可少的,但是节点过多会增加施工量,也影响美观度,对于以后的保养也不利,还是省掉一些不必要的节点要好。
Fifth, the construction volume should be reduced as much as possible. Although the node design of membrane materials and undertaking parts is essential, too many nodes will increase the construction volume and affect the aesthetics, which is also unfavorable for future maintenance. It is better to omit some unnecessary nodes.
六是在施工的时候要考虑到膜材的防火性和抗震性,这就要求我们使用一些性能较好的建材了。膜结构自行车棚在大量投入使用之前,我们还需考虑其自身的成本,只有投入的得当,我们才能有所收获!
Sixth, the fire resistance and earthquake resistance of membrane materials should be considered during construction, which requires us to use some building materials with better performance. Before a large number of membrane structure bicycle sheds are put into use, we need to consider their own costs. Only when we invest properly can we gain something!
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