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体育场馆膜结构设计施工优点以及施工注意
来源:http://www.sdcscp.com/ 发布时间:2022-07-30
膜结构建筑其重量只有传统建筑的三十分之一,特别适用于大型体育场馆等需要巨大的无遮挡的可视空间的建筑。下面来讲讲体育场馆膜结构设计施工优点以及施工注意。
The weight of membrane structure building is only one thirtieth of that of traditional buildings, which is especially suitable for large stadiums and other buildings that need huge unobstructed visual space. Next, let's talk about the advantages of membrane structure design and construction of stadiums and gymnasiums, as well as construction precautions.
更容易实现自由、轻巧、柔美,充满力量感的造型,比如国家体育场(鸟巢)、水立方都采用了膜结构,膜结构更容易使得优秀的设计得以实现,同时与周围环境、历史及现代的城市景观有机结合。
It is easier to realize free, light, soft and powerful shapes, such as the National Stadium (Bird's Nest) and the water cube. The membrane structure makes it easier to realize excellent design, and organically combines with the surrounding environment, history and modern urban landscape.
可以使得体育场采光充足,由于膜材具有透光性,在阳光的照射下,由膜覆盖的体育场馆内部充满自然漫射光,使得整个场馆没有强烈的光面与阴影的区分,保证了视觉上的和谐。
It can make the stadium have sufficient lighting. Because the film material has light transmittance, under the sunlight, the stadium covered by the film is full of natural diffuse light, so that the whole stadium has no strong distinction between light and shadow, ensuring visual harmony.
体育场馆一般都是城市区域标志性的建筑,夜晚膜结构体育馆内的灯光透过顶盖的膜照亮夜空,从而整体呈现出非常梦幻的视觉效果。
Stadiums and gymnasiums are generally landmark buildings in urban areas. At night, the lights in the membrane structure gymnasium illuminate the night sky through the membrane of the roof, thus presenting a very dreamy visual effect as a whole.
体育场馆膜结构
体育场馆膜结构具有高安全性,符合国家规范和指南的膜结构在地震等水平荷载作用下能保持良好的稳定性。
The membrane structure of stadiums and gymnasiums has high safety, and the membrane structure in line with national codes and guidelines can maintain good stability under horizontal loads such as earthquakes.
体育场馆膜结构设计施工注意事项:
Precautions for the design and construction of stadium membrane structure:
通常膜结构体育馆建筑空间跨度大,所以要充分考虑如何划分防火分区,一般膜材都具有良好的阻燃性,安全性较高。
Generally, the space span of membrane structure gymnasium is large, so how to divide the fire compartment should be fully considered. Generally, the membrane materials have good flame retardancy and high safety.
建筑构建一定要做防火处理,在构造上使膜面紧贴在钢索下面,火灾中烟气首先面对的是膜面,这样钢索下面又多了一个保护层,使钢架不受任何高温作用。
Fire prevention treatment must be carried out for building construction, so that the membrane surface is close to the steel cable in structure. The smoke in the fire first faces the membrane surface, so that there is another protective layer under the steel cable, so that the steel frame will not be affected by any high temperature.
为了抵挡雨雪,膜面的外形应保证排水、排雪便捷通畅,避免雨雪堆积。特别要注意的是在施加预应力前的安装成形阶段,张拉膜结构对这些荷载十分敏感。
In order to withstand rain and snow, the shape of the membrane surface should ensure that the drainage and snow drainage are convenient and unobstructed to avoid rain and snow accumulation. Special attention should be paid to the fact that the tensioned membrane structure is very sensitive to these loads in the installation and forming stage before prestressing.
体育场馆膜结构设计施工优点以及施工注意就是以上的内容了,如果您有购买需求或者什么需求就来我们网站http://www.sdcscp.com进行咨询吧。
The advantages and construction precautions of stadium membrane structure design and construction are the above contents. If you have any purchase needs or needs, please come to our website http://www.sdcscp.com Consult.
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