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膜结构样式多样具体应分为哪些类
来源:http://www.sdcscp.com/ 发布时间:2022-08-31
膜结构建筑是21世纪具代表性的建筑形式。打破了纯直线建筑风格的模式,以其独有的优美曲面造型,简洁、明快、刚与柔、力与美的组合,同时给建筑设计师提供了更大的想象和创造空间。那么山东膜结构样式多样具体应分为哪些类呢?
Membrane structure architecture is a representative architectural form in the 21st century. It breaks the pattern of pure straight-line architectural style, and provides more imagination and creation space for architectural designers with its unique beautiful curved shape, simple, bright, rigid and soft, and force and beauty. So what are the types of membrane structures?
膜结构建筑形式的分类:从结构上分可分为:充气式膜结构,骨架式膜结构,张拉式膜结构三种形式。
Classification of membrane structure building forms: structurally, it can be divided into three types: inflatable membrane structure, skeleton membrane structure and tensile membrane structure.
充气式膜结构是将膜材固定于屋顶结构周边,利用送风系统让室内气压上升到一定压力后,使屋顶内外产生压力差,以抵抗外力,因利用气压来支撑,及钢索作为辅助材,无需任何梁,柱支撑,可得更大的空间,施工快捷,经济效益高,但需维持进行24小时送风机运转,在持续运行及机器维护费用的成本上较高。
The inflatable membrane structure is to fix the membrane material around the roof structure. After the indoor air pressure is raised to a certain pressure by the air supply system, the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the roof will be generated to resist external forces. Since the air pressure is used to support the membrane material and the steel cable is used as auxiliary material, no beam or column support is required, so a larger space can be obtained. The construction is fast and the economic efficiency is high. However, the air supply fan needs to be operated for 24 hours, The cost of continuous operation and machine maintenance is high.
山东膜结构
骨架式膜结构以钢构或是集成材构成的屋顶骨架,在其上方张拉膜材的构造形式,下部支撑结构安定性高,因屋顶造型比较单纯,开口部不易受限制,且经济效益高等特点,广泛适用于任何大,小规模的空间。
The skeleton membrane structure is a roof skeleton composed of steel structure or integrated material. The structure form of membrane material is stretched above it, and the stability of the lower support structure is high. Because the roof shape is relatively simple, the opening is not easily restricted, and the economic benefits are high, it is widely applicable to any large and small-scale space.
张拉式膜结构以膜材、钢索及支柱构成,利用钢索与支柱在膜材中导入张力以达安定的形式。除了可实践具创意,创新且美观的造型外,也是能展现膜结构精神的构造形式.大型跨距空间也多采用以钢索与压缩材构成钢索网来支撑上部膜材的形式。因施工精度要求]高,结构性能强,且具丰富的表现力,所以造价略高于骨架式膜结构。
The tensioned membrane structure is composed of membrane materials, steel cables and struts. The tension is introduced into the membrane materials by using the steel cables and struts to achieve a stable form. In addition to creative, innovative and beautiful modeling, it is also a structural form that can show the spirit of membrane structure In large span space, steel cables and compressed materials form a steel cable network to support the upper membrane material. Due to high construction accuracy, strong structural performance and rich expressiveness, the cost is slightly higher than that of skeleton membrane structure.
现今城市中已越来越多地可以见到膜结构的身影。膜结构已经被应用到各类建筑结构中,在我们的城市中充当着不可或缺的角色。您对此有什么需求的话欢迎来我们网站http://www.sdcscp.com进行咨询了解!
Nowadays, more and more membrane structures can be seen in cities. Membrane structure has been applied to various building structures and plays an indispensable role in our city. If you have any needs, please come to our website http://www.sdcscp.com Consult and understand!
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