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膜结构建筑形式的3种分类形式
来源:http://www.sdcscp.com/ 发布时间:2022-08-22
山东膜结构是一种建筑与结构完美结合的结构体系。它是用高强度柔性薄膜材料与支撑体系结合形成具有一定刚度的稳定曲面,能承受一定外荷载的空间结构形式。从结构方式上大致可分为骨架式、张拉式、充气式膜结构3种形式。
Shandong membrane structure is a perfect combination of architecture and structure. It is a space structure form that combines high-strength flexible film material with support system to form a stable curved surface with certain rigidity and can bear certain external loads. In terms of structure, it can be roughly divided into three types: skeleton type, tension type and inflatable membrane structure.
其造型自由轻巧、阻燃、制作简易、安装快捷、节能、易于使用、安全等优点,因而使它在世界各地受到广泛应用。这种结构形式特别适用于大型体育场馆、人口廊道、小品、公众休闲娱乐广场、展览会场、购物中心等领域。
It has the advantages of free and light shape, flame retardant, easy to make, fast installation, energy saving, easy to use and safety, so it is widely used all over the world. This structure is especially suitable for large stadiums, population corridors, sketches, public leisure and entertainment squares, exhibition venues, shopping centers and other fields.
1.骨架式膜结构
1. Skeleton membrane structure
以钢构或是集成材构成的屋顶骨架后,在其上方张拉膜材的构造形式,下部支撑结构安定性高,因屋顶造型比较单纯,开口部不易受限制,且经济效益高等特点,广泛适用于任何大小规模的空间。
After the roof framework is composed of steel structure or integrated material, the structure form of stretching membrane material above it has high stability of the lower support structure. Because the roof shape is relatively simple, the opening is not easily restricted, and the economic benefits are high, it is widely applicable to any size of space.
山东膜结构
2.张拉式膜结构
2. Tensile membrane structure
以膜材、钢索及支柱构成,利用钢索与支柱在膜材中导入张力以达安定的形式。除了可实践具有创意、创新且美观的造型外,也是能展现膜结构精神的构造形式。近年来,大型跨距空间也多采用以钢索与压缩材料构成钢索网来支撑上部膜材的形式。其施工精度要求高,结构性能强,且具丰富的表现力
It is composed of membrane material, steel cable and pillar, and the tension is introduced into the membrane material by using the steel cable and pillar to achieve a stable form. In addition to creative, innovative and beautiful modeling, it is also a structural form that can show the spirit of membrane structure. In recent years, the large span space is also mostly in the form of supporting the upper membrane material with a steel cable network composed of steel cables and compressed materials. It requires high construction accuracy, strong structural performance and rich expressiveness
3.充气式膜结构
3. Inflatable membrane structure
充气式膜结构是将膜材固定于屋顶结构周边,利用送风系统让室内气压上升到一定压力后,使屋顶内外产生压力差,以抵抗外力,因利用气压来支撑,及钢索作为辅助材,无需任何梁、柱支撑,可得更大的空间,施工快捷,经济效益高,但需维持进行24小时送风机运转,在持续运行及机器维护费用的成本上较高。
The inflatable membrane structure is to fix the membrane material around the roof structure. After the indoor air pressure is raised to a certain pressure by the air supply system, the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the roof is generated to resist external forces. Since the air pressure is used to support the membrane material and the steel cable is used as an auxiliary material, there is no need for any beam and column support, so that a larger space can be obtained. The construction is fast and the economic efficiency is high. However, the air supply fan needs to be operated for 24 hours, The cost of continuous operation and machine maintenance is high.
膜结构的特点越来越被受关注,正因为如此越来越多的膜结构设计都采用膜结构建筑来代替传统的混凝土建筑。更多相关内容就来我们网站http://www.sdcscp.com进行咨询了解吧。
The characteristics of membrane structures have been paid more and more attention. Because of this, more and more membrane structures are designed to replace the traditional concrete buildings. For more information, please visit our website http://www.sdcscp.com Consult and understand.
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