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结构类膜结构体育馆和充气类膜结构体育馆了解
来源:http://www.sdcscp.com/ 发布时间:2022-07-11
膜结构被运用到越来越多的建筑中,除了膜结构体育馆,还有厅装饰、天井、四季厅、动植物园、公园广场、观景台、舞台、体育看台、文化娱乐等场所,也都开始运用起膜结构。膜结构体育馆可以分为两类,分别是结构类膜结构体育馆和充气类膜结构体育馆。
Membrane structure has been applied to more and more buildings. In addition to membrane structure gymnasium, there are also hall decoration, patio, four seasons hall, animal and botanical garden, park square, observation deck, stage, sports stand, cultural entertainment and other places, which have also begun to use membrane structure. Membrane structure gymnasiums can be divided into two categories: structural membrane structure gymnasiums and inflatable membrane structure gymnasiums.
结构类
Structure class
结构类膜结构体育馆的主要构成部件就是膜材料、钢结构和钢索,不同的膜材和钢索,其性能及价格各不相同。结构类造型可分为以下二类:
The main components of structural membrane gymnasium are membrane materials, steel structures and steel cables. Different membrane materials and steel cables have different properties and prices. Structural modeling can be divided into the following two categories:
1.骨架式膜结构体育馆:此类膜结构是固定在精致钢材、空间桁架或其他坚固的构架上,称之为骨架式膜结构体育馆。
1. Skeleton membrane structure Gymnasium: this kind of membrane structure is fixed on delicate steel, space truss or other solid framework, which is called skeleton membrane structure gymnasium.
2.张力式膜结构体育馆:仅利用简单的支撑系统及膜素材自身的张力特性,构成此类膜结构体育馆。与传统结构不同,膜结构以柔性的薄膜和索为主要受力材料。要进行膜结构体育馆的工程设计,必须了解其材料。
2. Tension type membrane structure Gymnasium: this kind of membrane structure gymnasium is formed by using only a simple support system and the tension characteristics of the membrane material itself. Different from the traditional structure, the flexible membrane and cable are the main stress materials of the membrane structure. To carry out the engineering design of membrane structure gymnasium, we must understand its materials.
用于建筑工程的薄膜材料可以分为织物类膜材和非织物类膜材两大类。其中织物类膜材常用的有PVDF涂层覆盖聚酯纤维织物(以下简称PVC膜材)以及PTFE涂层覆盖玻璃纤维织物(以下简称PTFE膜材)。
Membrane materials used in construction engineering can be divided into two categories: Textile membrane materials and non-woven membrane materials. Among them, the commonly used textile membrane materials are PVDF coated polyester fiber fabric (hereinafter referred to as PVC membrane material) and PTFE coated glass fiber fabric (hereinafter referred to as PTFE membrane material).
非织物类膜材则以ETFE薄膜具代表性和竞争性。膜材的选择往往在很高程度上取决于建筑物的功能、防火要求、设计寿命和投资额。
ETFE film is representative and competitive for non-woven film materials. The choice of membrane materials often depends on the function of the building, fire protection requirements, design life and investment to a high extent.
充气类
Inflatable class
充气类膜结构体育馆学名为气承式膜结构体育馆。它是用特殊的建筑膜材(PVDF膜材)做建筑外壳,配备一套智能化的机电设备在完全密闭的气膜建筑内部提供空气压力,使整体建筑内部始终保持对外部环境的正压,靠内外部压力差把建筑主体支撑起来的一种建筑结构系统。
The scientific name of inflatable membrane structure gymnasium is air supported membrane structure gymnasium. It is a kind of building structure system that uses special building membrane material (PVDF membrane material) as the building shell, and is equipped with a set of intelligent electromechanical equipment to provide air pressure in the completely closed air membrane building, so that the internal of the whole building always maintains the positive pressure of the external environment, and the main body of the building is supported by the internal and external pressure difference.
膜结构体育馆
除了应用于体育馆,它还应用于工业厂房、物流仓库、体育娱乐和军事设施等领域,具有超大空间、建筑灵活性强、安装周期短、建筑成本及维护费用低、能耗低、环保、超强的耐用性和耐候性、自重轻等特点,使用年限能达到35年以上。
In addition to being used in gymnasiums, it is also used in industrial plants, logistics warehouses, sports and entertainment, military facilities and other fields. It has the characteristics of super large space, strong building flexibility, short installation cycle, low construction cost and maintenance cost, low energy consumption, environmental protection, super durability and weatherability, light weight and so on. Its service life can reach more than 35 years.
除了这些特点,膜结构体育馆还有其他优点,作为一种建筑体系所具有的特性主要取决于其独特的形态及膜材本身的性能。恰由于此,用膜结构可以创造出传统建筑体系无法实现的设计方案。
In addition to these characteristics, the membrane structure gymnasium has other advantages. As a building system, its characteristics mainly depend on its unique shape and the performance of the membrane material itself. Just because of this, membrane structure can create a design scheme that cannot be realized by traditional building system.
膜结构体育馆张力结构自重小的原因在于它依靠预应力形态而非材料来保持结构的稳定性。
The reason why the tension structure of membrane structure gymnasium has a small self weight is that it relies on the form of prestress rather than materials to maintain the stability of the structure.
透光性是现代膜结构被广泛认可的特性之一
Light transmittance is one of the widely recognized characteristics of modern membrane structures
张拉膜结构不是刚性的,其在风荷载或雪荷载的作用下会产生变形
The tensioned membrane structure is not rigid, and it will deform under the action of wind load or snow load
张拉膜结构的独特曲面外形使其具有强烈的雕塑感。
The unique curved shape of the tensile membrane structure makes it have a strong sense of sculpture.
按照现有的各国规范和指南设计的的轻型张拉膜结构具有足够的安全性。
The light tension membrane structure designed according to the existing national codes and guidelines has sufficient safety.
以上就是今天为大家介绍的关于问题以及注意事项的全部内容,希望对大家能有所帮助,想要了解更多内容可以电话联系我们或者关注我们的网站http://www.sdcscp.com,我们的工作人员会及时与您取得联系。
The above is all about the problems and precautions introduced to you today. I hope it can help you. If you want to know more, you can contact us by phone or follow our website http://www.sdcscp.com , our staff will contact you in time.
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