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膜结构体育馆的两种分类的介绍
来源:http://www.sdcscp.com/ 发布时间:2021-09-09
膜结构被运用到越来越多的建筑中,除了膜结构体育馆,还有厅装饰、天井、四季厅、动植物园、公园广场、观景台、舞台、体育看台、文化娱乐等场所,也都初步运用起膜结构。
Membrane structure is used in more and more buildings. In addition to membrane structure gymnasium, membrane structure is also preliminarily used in hall decoration, patio, four seasons hall, animal and botanical garden, park square, viewing platform, stage, sports stand, culture and entertainment and other places.
膜结构体育馆可以分为两类,分别是结构类膜结构体育馆和充气类膜结构体育馆。
Membrane structure gymnasium can be divided into two categories: structural membrane structure gymnasium and inflatable membrane structure gymnasium.
结构类
Structure class
结构类膜结构体育馆的首要构成部件就是膜材料、钢结构和钢索,不同的膜材和钢索,其功能及价 格各不相同。结构类造型可分为以下二类:
The main components of structural membrane structure gymnasium are membrane materials, steel structures and steel cables. Different membrane materials and steel cables have different functions and prices. Structural modeling can be divided into the following two categories:
1.骨架式膜结构体育馆:此类膜结构是固定在精美钢材、空间桁架或其他坚固的构架上,称之为骨架式膜结构体育馆。
1. Skeleton membrane structure Gymnasium: this kind of membrane structure is fixed on exquisite steel, space truss or other solid frame, which is called skeleton membrane structure gymnasium.
2.张力式膜结构体育馆:仅使用简略的支撑体系及膜材料本身的张力特性,构成此类膜结构体育馆。与传统结构不同,膜结构以柔性的薄膜和索为首要受力材料。要进行膜结构体育馆的工程规划,有必要了解其材料。用于建筑工程的薄膜材料可以分为织物类膜材和非织物类膜材两大类。其间织物类膜材常用的有PVDF涂层掩盖聚酯纤维织物(以下简称PVC膜材)以及PTFE涂层掩盖玻璃纤维织物(以下简称PTFE膜材);非织物类膜材则以ETFE薄膜具代表性和竞争性。膜材的选择往往在很高程度上取决于建筑物的功用、防火要求、规划寿数和投资额。
2. Tension membrane structure Gymnasium: this kind of membrane structure gymnasium is composed of only a simple support system and the tension characteristics of membrane materials. Different from the traditional structure, the flexible membrane and cable are the primary stress materials of membrane structure. In order to carry out the engineering planning of membrane structure gymnasium, it is necessary to understand its materials. Membrane materials used in construction engineering can be divided into fabric membrane materials and non-woven membrane materials. Among the fabric membrane materials, PVDF coated polyester fiber fabric (hereinafter referred to as PVC membrane material) and PTFE coated glass fiber fabric (hereinafter referred to as PTFE membrane material) are commonly used; ETFE film is representative and competitive for non-woven films. The choice of membrane materials often depends on the function of the building, fire protection requirements, planned life and investment to a high extent.
充气类
Inflatable class
充气类膜结构体育馆学名为气承式膜结构体育馆。它是用特别的建筑膜材(PVDF膜材)做建筑外壳,配备一套智能化的机电设备在密闭的气膜建筑内部供应空气压力,使整体建筑内部一直坚持对外部环境的正压,靠内外部压力差把建筑主体支撑起来的一种建筑结构体系,除了应用于体育馆,它还应用于工业厂房、物流仓库、体育娱乐和军事设施等领域,具有超大空间、建筑灵 活 性强、设备周期短、建筑本钱及维护费用低、能耗低、环保、强的耐用性和耐候性、自重轻等特征,运用年限能抵达35年以上。
The scientific name of inflatable membrane structure gymnasium is air supported membrane structure gymnasium. It is a building structure system that uses special building membrane material (PVDF membrane material) as the building shell and is equipped with a set of intelligent electromechanical equipment to supply air pressure inside the closed air membrane building, so that the whole building always adheres to the positive pressure of the external environment and supports the main body of the building by the internal and external pressure difference. In addition to being used in gymnasiums, it is also used in industrial plants In the fields of logistics warehouse, sports entertainment and military facilities, it has the characteristics of large space, strong building flexibility, short equipment cycle, low construction cost and maintenance cost, low energy consumption, environmental protection, strong durability and weather resistance, light weight and so on. The service life can reach more than 35 years.
除了这些特征,膜结构体育馆还有其他利益,作为一种膜结构体育设施建筑体系所具有的特性首要取决于其一起的形状及膜材本身的功能。恰因为此,用膜结构可以创造出传统建筑体系无法完结的规划计划。
In addition to these characteristics, the membrane structure gymnasium has other benefits. As a membrane structure sports facility, the characteristics of the building system mainly depend on its shape and the function of the membrane material itself. For this reason, membrane structure can create a planning plan that cannot be completed by the traditional building system.
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